|Outside a mosque in the old medina.|
We were given sprigs of mint leaves to hold to our noses when we visited the Chouwara tannery where huge vats are used to remove fur, treat skins and eventually to dye them. Pigeon droppings are among the substances used to turn animal skins into beautiful leather for shoes, handbags, luggage, belts and other goods, all on view in sales rooms where the tour ends. Jane left with a pair of shoes.
It was just one of the places a professional guide showed us during two half-day tours. The first afternoon he took us around the vast old medina, known as Fez el Bali, home to the tannery and the world's oldest university. It's more confusing than Marrakesh's medina, which has the huge square as a point of reference, and its sometimes steep streets and passages and blind alleys are narrower. The covered sections are larger and darker. Later, we tried to return to a weavers' shop that he had shown us and could not find it. The lesson learned was to buy something when first seen because you may not come this way again.
The next morning, he took us to the "new" medina, Fez el Jedid, which was established in the 13th century. Here we found the mellah or Jewish quarter and visited a synagogue. We were told that 134 families were members. We didn't visit it, but we learned that there's a museum in Fez el Bali known as Maimonides's house, presumably where the great rabbi-physician-philosopher lived during his time in Morocco in the 12th century.
Elsewhere in Morocco we relied on The Rough Guide to Morocco and whatever maps our riads could give us as we explored medinas on our own, sometimes finding what we wanted to see and sometimes not. Using a guide in Fez, we saw and learned about things that we hadn't known existed. Fez is the one city that everyone visiting Morocco should see -- even if it means skipping Marrakesh -- and using a guide for a morning or an afternoon is the way to see and understand it.
Morocco has had four imperial capitals, and Fez is the oldest. With more than a million residents, it nevertheless feels smaller than Marrakesh, which had a couple hundred thousand fewer residents, and it feels much older. Walking the narrow passageways in the medina seems akin to time travel. The people around you are working and shopping and praying much as their great-great-grandparents' did, albeit with cellphones. It is considered the most complete medieval city in the Arab world.
Here we stayed at Riad Laaroussa, a 17th-century palace in Fez el Bali that has annexed a smaller neighboring house to become a relatively large inn. We stayed one night in the smaller house, which has a covered courtyard and pretty small rooms (at least ours was), because when we booked the larger rooms in the riad were not available our first night. After one night, we had arranged to move to a room in the big house, and we were pleasantly surprised to be upgraded to downright regal accommodations in the Grey Suite for our last two nights. We had dinner at the riad twice (and, of course, all our breakfasts) in a surprisingly modern rooftop dining room, which is reached via the most challenging staircase we encountered in Morocco. I blamed those stairs for a lot of soreness, aches and pains. A lovely and warm swimming pool, on an outdoor terrace a few steps above ground level, offered some relief.
One night, we dined at Dar Hatim, a home that a family has converted into a restaurant. It's deep in the old medina, thus very hard to find. The solution: a man from Hatim came to our riad and walked us to the restaurant, about 20 minutes away via noisy, crowded streets with so many turns that retracing our steps would have been impossible on our own. We were bringing a bottle of wine; Dar Hatim allows wine but doesn't provide it. Our escort grabbed the bottle from us and wrapped it in his jacket so that we wouldn't be seen with alcohol in the medina. His daughter-in-law was not only the waitress, she also made the chicken pastilla that was my dinner. Her mother-in-law made the steamed lamb that people at the next table ordered. Her husband's brother had made the intricately crafted ceiling in the dining room. With only three other tables of diners, it felt very much like dining in someone's home. Afterward, we were walked home through dark, quiet streets and passageways.
|View from the upper dining level of the main floor at Cafe Clock in Fez 's old medina.|
Among its culinary delights is a camel burger, which was quite good.
|It's green on the medina side, but this is known as the Blue Gate.|
|The same gate, blue as seen from outside the old medina. The tower|
in the distance is the minaret for Medersa Bou Inania, an Islamic
college or Koranic school that non-Muslims can visit.
|The courtyard at the 14th-century Medersa Bou Inania, which is celebrated for the finely carved|
dark cedar wood seen just below the eaves and in the many screens.
|Tiles at Mederesa Bou Inania carry|
|The large Jardin Jnan Sbil offers shady walks, waterways with a turning waterwheel,|
and a wealth of flora to contemplate, all a short walk from the crowded medinas.
|This man, who said he was 92 years old, sells and|
sharpens knives in the old medina.
|A camel's severed head is used to signal that a butcher is offering fresh camel|
meat in the old medina.
|Vats hold various chemicals and concoctions (some involving pigeon droppings)|
at the Chouwara tannery in the old medina.
|These bronze doors at the royal palace complex in Fez give|
some hint of the grandeur that may lie inside.
|This active synagogue is in Fez el Jedid, the|
"new" (13th-century) medina.
|The rabbi at Aben Danan displays the synagogue's Torah.|
|Men worship in this main room in the synagogue. Women worship in a balcony. The|
floor is the sort of tile pattern common throughout Morocco.
|A museum that we were a bit surprised to find out about, but|
which we did not visit.
|A view into the foyer of a mosque in the old medina. This is the same mosque|
that appears in the photo at the top of this posting.
|Narrow and crowded streets such as this form a complicated maze that is the|
old medina in Fez. Shops and stalls sell everything that a tourist is likely to want,
as well as most things that local residents need in their daily lives.